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Publication . Article . 2020

The Role of Single End-Users and Producers on GHG Mitigation in Pakistan—A Case Study

Waqas Ahmed; Jamil Ahmed Sheikh; Abbas Z. Kouzani; M. A. Parvez Mahmud;
Open Access
Published: 11 Oct 2020 Journal: Sustainability (issn: 2071-1050, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
s annual average temperature, load categorization, user selection and inputs from a solar energy expert. Finally, initial cost, investment and GHG mitigation analysis are carried out in RETScreen Expert software, which validates the minute but the prominent role of a single, end energy user by mitigating 122 tons of CO2 in 25-year project life span. Further, the proposed project favors end-user financially by recovering its $4501 initial cost in less than four years by effectively meeting its energy demand and saving $1195 per annum.
End energy user is dependent on fossil fuel-based main-grid and contributes toward greenhouse gasses (GHG) emissions. Changing its energy source will change the dynamics of the power plant, contribution towards GHG production. This case study aims to highlight the minute but positive role of a single end energy user, invisible to the main grid in GHG mitigations through photovoltaic energy source, selected among Pakistan&rsquo
s top 10 most populous cities as per census 2017. Quetta is a selected city in Pakistan as the best fit location based on annual average daily solar radiations (AADSR) data retrieved from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) meteorological data. Helioscope software is used to select &minus
s AADSR value from 5.54 kWh/m2/d to 5.93 kWh/m2/d. For research significance, a realistic approach is undertaken by proper selection of solar panel type based on Quetta&rsquo
azimuthal angles, which further increased Quetta&rsquo
tilt and 180°
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Greenhouse gas Environmental economics Environmental science Solar energy business.industry business Production (economics) Photovoltaic system Power station End user Fossil fuel Energy source

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Environmental effects of industries and plants lcsh:TD194-195 lcsh:Renewable energy sources lcsh:TJ807-830 lcsh:Environmental sciences lcsh:GE1-350


GHG mitigation, end energy user, cost, CO<sub>2</sub>, Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Geography, Planning and Development