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Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
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Pandemier kræver ny tilgang til indeklima

Authors: Nielsen, Peter V.; Wargocki, Pawel;

Pandemier kræver ny tilgang til indeklima

Abstract

Gennem tiderne har vi haft forskellige pandemier. Men med coronapandemien er det blevet tydeligt, at det er virus transporteret i dråber, i luften og ved nærkontakt, der er problemet. Det betyder, at vi skal revidere kravene til indeluft og tage højde for infektionsrisiko. Vi er nødt til at revolutionere måden, hvorpå vi ventilerer, filtrerer og renser luften i vores bygninger og offentlige opholdsrum, for at vi kan være langt bedre rustet, end vi er i dag, når næste pandemi rammer. Det kalder på et paradigmeskifte. Sammen med 40 internationale forskere fra 14 lande har vi skrevet en artikel, som er blevet publiceret i tidsskriftet Science med titlen ”A paradigm shift to combat indoor respiratory infection” (Morawska et al. 2021). Vores hovedbudskab er, at fokus i bygningsreglementer, standarder og guidelines vedrørende indeluftkvalitet bør opprioriteres og ændres fra komfort til helbred. Det betyder, at kvaliteten af luft i bygninger, hvor der færdes mennesker, skal prioriteres i en helt anden grad, end den bliver i dag. Når der i dag tales om god luftkvalitet, er der i de fleste tilfælde kun fokus på komfort, altså temperatur, og behagelig luft (EN 16798, 2020). Det bør ændres, så der fremover bliver taget højde for helbred og infektionsrisiko gennem indeluften, ligesom man i dag tager højde for helbredet gennem krav til håndtering af vand og fødevarer. I dag bliver luftens kvalitet prioriteret med hensyn til helbred hovedsagelig på sygehusene eller i andre specielle miljøer. Men det vil kræve et paradigmeskifte inden for bygningers tekniske installationer, hvis det samme skal gælde i alle bygninger.

Country
Denmark
Keywords

Corona, COVID-19, Indeklima, Pandamier

12 references, page 1 of 2

DANVAK (2021). Fremtidens håndtering af smittespredning i bygninger. Rapport til Realdania.

EN, CEN Standard. 16798-1 (2020). Energy performance of buildings - Ventilation for buildings - Part 1: Indoor environmental input parameters for design and assessment of energy performance of buildings addressing indoor air quality, thermal environment, lighting and acoustics. Artiklen er oprindelig bragt på Videnskab.dk's Forskerzonen.

Fisk, W.J. et al. (2012). Changing ventilation rates in U.S. offices: Implications for health, work performance, energy, and associated economics.

Building and Environment. DOI: 10.1016/j.

buildenv.2011.07.001.

Morawska, L. et al. (2021). A paradigm shift to combat indoor respiratory infection. Science.

DOI: 10.1126/science.abg2025.

Nielsen, P.V. & Li, Y. (2019). Ventilation.

Wang, C.C. et al. (2021). Airborne transmission of respiratory viruses. Science, 373.6558: eabd9149.

Wargocki, P. et al. (2020). The relationships between classroom air quality and children's performance in school. Building and Environment, 173: 106749.

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    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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