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Energy Research Biomass and Bioenergy

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Energy Research Biomass and Bioenergy

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5,995 research outcomes, page 1 of 300
  • publication . Article . 2018
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    Authors:
    Oseweuba Valentine Okoro; Zhifa Sun; John Birch;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract In this study, a polystyrene sulphonic acid resin catalysed hydrolysis of low grade lipids from meat processing waste, via an in-situ hydrolysis pathway was evaluated for enhanced fatty acid yield. Process evaluation was achieved using a response surface method...

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  • publication . Article . 2003
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    Authors:
    V. Nallathambi Gunaseelan;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Parthenium hysterophorus L. is an aggressive, invasive weed of some crops, wasteland and overgrazed pasture. Anaerobic fermentation of untreated and NaOH-treated Parthenium for CH4 production was investigated in 31 semi-continuous fermenters. The experiments included in...

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  • publication . Article . 2005
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    Authors:
    Yukihiko Matsumura; Takashi Inoue; Keiichi Komoto; Satoshi Hirata; Kenichiro Hada; Katsura Fukuda; Tomoaki Minowa; Hiromi Yamamoto;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Policymakers working to introduce and promote the use of bioenergy in Japan require detailed information on the scales of the different types of biomass resources generated. In this research, the first of its type in Japan, the investigators reviewed various statistical...

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  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 1998
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    Authors:
    Garcia-, C.; Jaldon; Dupeyre, D.; Vignon, M.R.;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Hemp (Cannabis sativa) , is an annual plant used in the pulp and paper industry. It consists of two main morphological regions, the fibre cells which are bound by the middle lamellae and arranged in bundles, themselves separated by the cortex parenchyma cells w...

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  • publication . Article . 2016
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    Authors:
    Dilek Selvi Gökkaya; Mehmet Sağlam; Mithat Yüksel; Levent Ballice;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Project: TUBITAK | Bitkisel Biyokütlelerden ... (109M284)

    Abstract The hydrothermal gasification of xylose, as a model substance for the main polysaccharide in hemicelluloses, was carried out at high temperatures (up to 600 °C) and high pressures (up to 42.5 MPa) in the presence of an alkali catalyst with a constant reaction t...

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  • publication . Article . 2012
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    Authors:
    Shu-Ming Li; Lian-Hua Fu; Ming-Guo Ma; Jiefang Zhu; Run-Cang Sun; Feng Xu;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    By means of a simultaneous microwave-assisted method and a simple chemical reaction, cellulose/AgCl nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized using cellulose solution and AgNO3 in N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) solvent. The cellulose solution was firstly prepared ...

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  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2001
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    Authors:
    Namasivayam, C; Dinesh Kumar, M; Selvi, K; Ashruffunissa Begum, R; Vanathi, T; Yamuna, R.T;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Removal of acid dyes (acid violet and acid brilliant blue) and basic dyes (rhodamine B and methylene blue) was carried out using ‘waste’ coir pith as adsorbent. Parameters like agitation time, adsorbent dosage and pH effect were studied. Adsorption followed the...

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  • publication . Article . 2004
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    Authors:
    Knut Bernotat; Thomas Sandberg;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Sweden as well as the three Baltic states has an abundant supply of biomass, mostly wood waste. Much of it goes into district heating (DH), which has expanded continuously since the first system st ...

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  • publication . Article . 2017
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    Authors:
    Raffaele Spinelli; Natascia Magagnotti; Fabio De Francesco; Giovanni Aminti; Michael Stauder; Luigi Pari;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Reed represents an opportunity fuel that can be obtained from wetland restoration activities designed for reducing the dominance of invasive reed over native matrix vegetation. Equipment used for reed recovery must be light enough to negotiate soft terrain. At ...

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  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2019
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    Authors:
    Moteshafi, H.; Mousavi, S.M.; Hashemi, M.;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract The high loading of lignocellulosic substrates could merge the advantages of solid-state and submerged fermentations. However, high solid loading in bioreactors could result in oxygen mass transfer complications and caused extra waste of inlet air. In this work...

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  • publication . Article . 2005
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    Authors:
    Margareta Wihersaari;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    The use of renewable energy sources instead of fossil fuels is one of the most important means of limiting greenhouse gas emissions in the near future. In Finland, wood energy is considered to be a very important potential energy source in this sense. There might, howev...

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  • publication . Other literature type . Article . Conference object . 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Gajda, Iwona; Greenman, John; Melhuish, Chris; Ieropoulos, Ioannis;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Project: UKRI | Waste Made Useful by Micr... (EP/I004653/1)

    AbstractThis paper describes the potential for algal biomass production in conjunction with wastewater treatment and power generation within a fully biotic Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC). The anaerobic biofilm in the anodic half-cell is generating current, whereas the photot...

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  • publication . Article . 2006
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    Authors:
    R.J. Raison;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract There are significant opportunities for expansion of a forest bioenergy industry in Australia based on distributed electricity generation and production of liquid fuels (ethanol and bio-oil). If the large amounts of forest residues already available annually co...

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  • publication . Article . 2003
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    Authors:
    David B. Hedrick; James B. Guckert; David C. White;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract The effects of oxygen and chloroform addition on microbial metabolic activities were measured on a unique thermophilic high-solids high-productivity methanogenic reactor using a combination of radiotracer, lipid analysis, and microcosm techniques. Methane produ...

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  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2012
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    Authors:
    Moazami, Nasrin; Ashori, Alireza; Ranjbar, Reza; Tangestani, Mehrnoush; Eghtesadi, Roghieh; Nejad, Ali Sheykhi;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    The aim of this study is to investigate the large-scale algae production using Nannochloropsis sp. in indoor open ponds. One of the key factors in open pond productivity is the uniformity of distribution of nutrients and CO2. Therefore, the effects of paddlewheel speeds...

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  • publication . Article . 2002
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    Authors:
    E.P. Lincoln; Ann C. Wilkie; B.T. French;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Dairy operations in Florida face the dual problem of water pollution and air pollution (odors) as a result of the large amounts of manure produced on the farms. Ground and surface waters are contaminated by nitrogen present in seepage and runoff. A low-cost met...

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  • publication . Article . 2012
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    Authors:
    B. Naresh; M. Srikanth Reddy; P. Vijayalakshmi; Veena Reddy; Prathibha Devi;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Biodiesel is an alternative environmentally friendly fuel made from renewable biological sources such as vegetable oils and animal fats. The present report deals with screening of 14 accessions of Jatropha curcas collected from all over India to find the most suitable o...

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  • publication . Article . 2003
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    Authors:
    A. Bennani; Luc Rigal; A. Gaset;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Analysis of the extract obtained from treatment of Norway Spruce ( Picea abies ) with a water-methanol mixture at high temperature (190°C) indicated hemicelluloses associated with lignin which formed a colloidal suspension when methanol was eliminated. Differen...

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  • publication . Article . 2005
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    Authors:
    Håkan Rosenqvist; M. Dawson;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract The economics of growing short rotation willow coppice as an energy crop are marginal and highly dependent on the support for the conventional crops or enterprises they replace and on the maintenance of high yield levels. Consequently any value which can be add...

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  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Wright, Alexander; Marsh, Adam; Ricciotti, Federica; Shaw, Alex; Iza, Felipe; Holdich, Richard; Bandulasena, Hemaka;
    Publisher: Pergamon

    Cellulose recalcitrance is one of the major barriers in converting renewable biomass to biofuels or useful chemicals. A pretreatment reactor that forms a dielectric barrier discharge plasma at the gas-liquid interface of the microbubbles has been developed and tested to...

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5,995 research outcomes, page 1 of 300