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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: J Johnson; David A. Case; T Yamazaki; Sergey Gusarov; +2 Authors

    Implicit solvent models offer an attractive way to estimate the effects of a solvent environment on the properties of small or large solutes without the complications of explicit simulations. One common test of accuracy is to compute the free energy of transfer from gas to liquid for a variety of small molecules, since many of these values have been measured. Studies of the temperature dependence of these values (i.e. solvation enthalpies and entropies) can provide additional insights into the performance of implicit solvent models. Here, we show how to compute temperature derivatives of hydration free energies for the 3D-RISM integral equation approach. We have computed hydration free energies of 1123 small drug-like molecules (both neutral and charged). Temperature derivatives were also used to calculate hydration energies and entropies of 74 of these molecules (both neutral and charged) for which experimental data is available. While direct results have rather poor agreement with experiment, we have found that several previously proposed linear hydration free energy correction schemes give good agreement with experiment. These corrections also provide good agreement for hydration energies and entropies though simple extensions are required in some cases.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Journal of Physics C...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Europe PubMed Central
    Other literature type . 2016
    Data sources: PubMed Central
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
    License: IOP Copyright Policies
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Journal of Physics C...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Europe PubMed Central
      Other literature type . 2016
      Data sources: PubMed Central
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Manh-Kien Tran; Andre DaCosta; Anosh Mevawalla; Satyam Panchal; +1 Authors

    Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are an important component of energy storage systems used in various applications such as electric vehicles and portable electronics. There are many chemistries of Li-ion battery, but LFP, NMC, LMO, and NCA are four commonly used types. In order for the battery applications to operate safely and effectively, battery modeling is very important. The equivalent circuit model (ECM) is a battery model often used in the battery management system (BMS) to monitor and control Li-ion batteries. In this study, experiments were performed to investigate the performance of three different ECMs (1RC, 2RC, and 1RC with hysteresis) on four Li-ion battery chemistries (LFP, NMC, LMO, and NCA). The results indicated that all three models are usable for the four types of Li-ion chemistries, with low errors. It was also found that the ECMs tend to perform better in dynamic current profiles compared to non-dynamic ones. Overall, the best-performed model for LFP and NCA was the 1RC with hysteresis ECM, while the most suited model for NMC and LMO was the 1RC ECM. The results from this study showed that different ECMs would be suited for different Li-ion battery chemistries, which should be an important factor to be considered in real-world battery and BMS applications.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Batteriesarrow_drop_down
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    Batteries
    Other literature type . Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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    Batteries
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    Batteries
    Article . 2021
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Batteriesarrow_drop_down
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      Batteries
      Other literature type . Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Batteries
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      Batteries
      Article . 2021
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Cherif, Nesrine; Jaafar, Wael; Yanikomeroglu, Halim; Yongacoglu, Abbas;

    On-board battery consumption, cellular disconnectivity, and frequent handoff are key challenges for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based delivery missions, a.k.a., cargo-UAV. Indeed, with the introduction of UAV technology into cargo shipping and logistics, designing energy-efficient paths becomes a serious issue for the next retail industry transformation. Typically, the latter has to guarantee uninterrupted or slightly interrupted cellular connectivity for the UAV's command and control through a small number of handoffs. In this paper, we formulate the trajectory planning as a multi-objective problem aiming to minimize both the UAV's energy consumption and the handoff rate, constrained by the UAV battery size and disconnectivity rate. Due to the problem's complexity, we propose a dynamic programming based solution. Through simulations, we demonstrate the efficiency of our approach in providing optimized UAV trajectories. Also, the impact of several parameters, such as the cargo-UAV altitude, disconnectivity rate, and type of environment, are investigated. The obtained results allow to draw recommendations and guidelines for cargo-UAV operations. Comment: This paper was presented in IEEE ICC 2021. It was awarded the "Best Paper Award"

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ arXiv.org e-Print Ar...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    http://arxiv.org/pdf/2106.1427...
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    https://doi.org/10.1109/icc429...
    Conference object . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: IEEE Copyright
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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2021
    License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ arXiv.org e-Print Ar...arrow_drop_down
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      http://arxiv.org/pdf/2106.1427...
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      https://doi.org/10.1109/icc429...
      Conference object . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
      Article . 2021
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Jon Duan; G. Cornelis van Kooten; A. T. M. Hasibul Islam;

    Intermittent forms of renewable energy destabilize electricity grids unless adequate reliable generating capacity and storage are available, while instability of hybrid electricity grids and cost fluctuations in fossil fuel prices pose further challenges for policymakers. We examine the interaction between renewable and traditional fossil-fuel energy sources in the context of the Alberta electricity grid, where policymakers seek to eliminate coal and reduce reliance on natural gas. We develop a policy model of the Alberta grid and, unlike earlier models, calibrate the cost functions of thermal generation using positive mathematical programming. Rather than employing constant average and marginal costs, calibration determines upward sloping supply (marginal cost) functions. The calibrated model is then used to determine an optimal generation mix under different assumptions regarding carbon prices and policies to eliminate coal-fired capacity. Results indicate that significant wind capacity can enter the Alberta grid if carbon prices are high, but that it remains difficult to eliminate reliable baseload capacity. Adequate baseload coal and/or natural gas capacity is required, which is the case even if battery storage is allowed into the system. Further, significant peak-load gas capacity will also be required to backstop intermittent renewables.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Energiesarrow_drop_down
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    Energies
    Other literature type . Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    https://doi.org/10.14288/1.043...
    Other literature type . 2023
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      Energies
      Other literature type . Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.14288/1.043...
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Michel Paquette; Daniel Fortier; Scott F. Lamoureux;

    Ground ice distribution and abundance have wide-ranging effects on periglacial environments and possible impacts on climate change scenarios. In contrast, very few studies measure ground ice in the High Arctic, especially in polar deserts and where coarse surficial material complicates coring operations. Ground ice volumes and cryostructures were determined for eight sites in a polar desert, near Resolute Bay, Nunavut, chosen for their hydrogeomorphic classification. Dry, unvegetated polar desert sites exhibited ice content close to soil porosity, with a <45 cm thick ice-enriched transition zone. In wetland sites, suspended cryostructures and ice dominated cryofacies (ice content at least 2× soil porosity values) were prevalent in the upper ∼2 m of permafrost. Average ground ice saturation at those locations exceeded porosity values by a factor between 1.8 and 20.1 and by up to two orders of magnitude at the ∼10 cm vertical scale. Sites with the highest ice contents were historically submerged wetlands with a history of sediment supply, sustained water availability, and syngenetic and quasi-syngenetic permafrost aggradation. Ice enrichment in those environments were mainly caused by the strong upward freezing potential beneath the thaw front, which, combined with abundant water supply, caused ice aggradation and frost heaving to form lithalsa plateaus. Most of the sites already expressed cryostratigraphic evidence of permafrost degradation. Permafrost degradation carries important ecological ramifications, as wetland locations are the most productive, life-supporting oases in the otherwise relatively barren landscape, carrying essential functions linked with hydrological processes and nutrient and contaminant cycling.

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    Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
    Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
      Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Nikolas K. Knowles; G. Daniel G. Langohr; Mohammadreza Faieghi; Andrew J. Nelson; +1 Authors

    © 2019 Subject- and site-specific modeling techniques greatly improve the accuracy of computational models derived from clinical-resolution quantitative computed tomography (QCT) data. The majority of shoulder finite element (FE) studies use density–modulus relationships developed for alternative anatomical locations. As such, the objectives of this study were to compare the six most commonly used density–modulus relationships in shoulder finite element (FE) studies. To achieve this, ninety-eight (98) virtual trabecular bone cores were extracted from uCT scans of scapulae from 14 cadaveric specimens (7 male; 7 female). Homogeneous tissue moduli of 20 GPa, and heterogeneous tissue moduli scaled by CT-intensity were considered. Micro finite element models (µ-FEMs) of each virtual core were compressively loaded to 0.5% apparent strain and apparent strain energy density (SED app ) was collected. Each uCT virtual core was then co-registered to clinical QCT images, QCT-FEMs created, and each of the 6 density–modulus relationships applied (6 × 98 = 588 QCT-FEMs). The loading and boundary conditions were replicated and SED app was collected and compared to µ-FEM SED app . When a homogeneous tissue modulus was considered in the µ-FEMs, SED app was best predicted in QCT-FEMs with the density–modulus relationship developed from pooled anatomical locations (QCT-FEM SED app = 0.979µ-FEM SED app + 0.0066, r 2 = 0.933). A different density–modulus relationship best predicted SED app (QCT-FEM SED app = 1.014µ-FEM SED app + 0.0034, r 2 = 0.935) when a heterogeneous tissue modulus was considered. This study compared density–modulus relationships used in shoulder FE studies using an independent computational methodology for comparing these relationships.

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    Scholarship@Western
    Other literature type . 2019
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    Medical Engineering & Physics
    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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      Scholarship@Western
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      Medical Engineering & Physics
      Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ashley M. Broadbent; E. Scott Krayenhoff; Matei Georgescu;

    Abstract The air temperature cooling impacts of infrastructure-based adaptation measures in expanding urban areas and under changing climatic conditions are not well understood. We present simulations conducted with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, coupled to a multi-layer urban model that explicitly resolves pedestrian-level conditions. Our simulations dynamically downscale global climate projections, account for projected urban growth, and examine cooling impacts of extensive cool roof deployment in Atlanta, Detroit, and Phoenix (USA). The simulations focus on heatwave events that are representative of start-, middle-, and end-of-century climatic conditions. Extensive cool roof implementation is projected to cause a maximum city-averaged daytime air temperature cooling of 0.38 °C in Atlanta; 0.42 °C in Detroit; and 0.66 °C in Phoenix. We propose a means for practitioners to estimate the impact of cool roof treatments on pedestrian-level air temperature, for a chosen roof reflectivity, with a new metric called the Albedo Cooling Effectiveness (ACE). The ACE metric reveals that, on average, cool roofs in Phoenix are 11% more effective at lowering pedestrian-level air temperature than in Atlanta, and 30% more effective than in Detroit. Cool roofs remain similarly effective under future heatwaves relative to contemporary heatwaves for Atlanta and Detroit, with some indication of increased effectiveness under future heatwaves for Phoenix. By highlighting the underlying factors that drive cooling effectiveness in a trio of cities located in different climatic regions, we demonstrate a robust framework for estimating the pedestrian-level cooling impacts associated with reflective roofs without the need for computationally demanding simulations.

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    Environmental Research Letters
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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      Environmental Research Letters
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    Authors: Raiden Skala; Mohamed Ahmed T. A. Elgalhud; Katarina Grolinger; Syed Mir;

    The transition to Electric Vehicles (EV) in place of traditional internal combustion engines is increasing societal demand for electricity. The ability to integrate the additional demand from EV charging into forecasting electricity demand is critical for maintaining the reliability of electricity generation and distribution. Load forecasting studies typically exclude households with home EV charging, focusing on offices, schools, and public charging stations. Moreover, they provide point forecasts which do not offer information about prediction uncertainty. Consequently, this paper proposes the Long Short-Term Memory Bayesian Neural Networks (LSTM-BNNs) for household load forecasting in presence of EV charging. The approach takes advantage of the LSTM model to capture the time dependencies and uses the dropout layer with Bayesian inference to generate prediction intervals. Results show that the proposed LSTM-BNNs achieve accuracy similar to point forecasts with the advantage of prediction intervals. Moreover, the impact of lockdowns related to the COVID-19 pandemic on the load forecasting model is examined, and the analysis shows that there is no major change in the model performance as, for the considered households, the randomness of the EV charging outweighs the change due to pandemic.

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    Energies
    Other literature type . Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2023
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      Energies
      Other literature type . Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
      Article . 2023
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    Authors: Matthew G, Burgess; Stephen, Polasky; David, Tilman;

    When sustainably managed, wild harvests from the sea provide livelihoods and a vital source of protein for hundreds of millions of people (1, 2). If managed well, these benefits are perpetually renewable. However, numerous challenges can compromise the sustainability of this natural bounty. Ironically, a significant challenge arises because of the diversity of species caught in nearly all fisheries. Although healthy diverse ecosystems can provide resilience against some perturbations, fishing pressure in these ecosystems is almost always geared to the strongest, most economically valuable stocks. In the process of fishing, many other species are incidentally caught including both (i) species that nobody wants to catch but are costly to avoid, commonly called bycatch, and (ii) species with substantially lower economic value than targeted, highline stocks. Even when the target stock is perfectly managed, these incidentally caught stocks can collapse if their life history traits make them more susceptible to a given level of fishing effort than target species. Without regular monitoring and strong management of all species, these weak stocks may force the closure of otherwise highly profitable fisheries. One solution is to expand scientific assessments to all species affected by each fishery, but this is prohibitively expensive. Fish are expensive to monitor, and as a result, even the majority of target species are currently not adequately assessed worldwide (3). Solving the weak stock problem requires new innovation. In PNAS, Burgess et al. (4) offer a unique forecasting tool to innovatively address this global challenge.

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    Europe PubMed Central
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    Europe PubMed Central
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    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
    Article . 2013 . Peer-reviewed
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    Article . 2013 . Peer-reviewed
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      Europe PubMed Central
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      Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
      Article . 2013 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Alireza Javadi; Mostafa Abarzadeh; Luc-Andre Gregoire; Kamal Al-Haddad;

    In this paper a single-phase transformer-less hybrid series active filter (THSeAF) based on duo-neutral-point-clamped (D-NPC) converter to address distribution level power quality is proposed to investigate experimentally the efficiency of the hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) implementation for power electronics applications. This benchmark contributes to demonstrating the capability and efficiency of such real-time implementation for smart grid power quality (PQ) analysis which requires fast switching process with small sampling time. Such applications require the compensator to address major power quality issues related to a nonlinear load. This compensator presents an efficient and reliable solution for future grid applications to overcome voltage and current related issues as well as assisting the integration of renewables for a sustainable supply. The controller extracts voltage and current harmonics to be compensated. A proportional and resonant (P + R) regulator produces switching signals for the D-NPC converter. The paper demonstrates the reliability of the HIL simulation for power electronic applications assessing power quality related issues where a wide range of switching frequency is under study. A combination of simulation and real-time results are carried out to validate the performance and viability of the HIL implementation.

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    IEEE Access
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    IEEE Access
    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: J Johnson; David A. Case; T Yamazaki; Sergey Gusarov; +2 Authors

    Implicit solvent models offer an attractive way to estimate the effects of a solvent environment on the properties of small or large solutes without the complications of explicit simulations. One common test of accuracy is to compute the free energy of transfer from gas to liquid for a variety of small molecules, since many of these values have been measured. Studies of the temperature dependence of these values (i.e. solvation enthalpies and entropies) can provide additional insights into the performance of implicit solvent models. Here, we show how to compute temperature derivatives of hydration free energies for the 3D-RISM integral equation approach. We have computed hydration free energies of 1123 small drug-like molecules (both neutral and charged). Temperature derivatives were also used to calculate hydration energies and entropies of 74 of these molecules (both neutral and charged) for which experimental data is available. While direct results have rather poor agreement with experiment, we have found that several previously proposed linear hydration free energy correction schemes give good agreement with experiment. These corrections also provide good agreement for hydration energies and entropies though simple extensions are required in some cases.

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    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
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      Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
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    Authors: Manh-Kien Tran; Andre DaCosta; Anosh Mevawalla; Satyam Panchal; +1 Authors

    Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are an important component of energy storage systems used in various applications such as electric vehicles and portable electronics. There are many chemistries of Li-ion battery, but LFP, NMC, LMO, and NCA are four commonly used types. In order for the battery applications to operate safely and effectively, battery modeling is very important. The equivalent circuit model (ECM) is a battery model often used in the battery management system (BMS) to monitor and control Li-ion batteries. In this study, experiments were performed to investigate the performance of three different ECMs (1RC, 2RC, and 1RC with hysteresis) on four Li-ion battery chemistries (LFP, NMC, LMO, and NCA). The results indicated that all three models are usable for the four types of Li-ion chemistries, with low errors. It was also found that the ECMs tend to perform better in dynamic current profiles compared to non-dynamic ones. Overall, the best-performed model for LFP and NCA was the 1RC with hysteresis ECM, while the most suited model for NMC and LMO was the 1RC ECM. The results from this study showed that different ECMs would be suited for different Li-ion battery chemistries, which should be an important factor to be considered in real-world battery and BMS applications.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Batteriesarrow_drop_down
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    Batteries
    Other literature type . Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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    Batteries
    Article
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: UnpayWall
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    Batteries
    Article . 2021
    Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Batteriesarrow_drop_down
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      Batteries
      Other literature type . Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Batteries
      Article
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: UnpayWall
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Batteries
      Article . 2021
      Data sources: DOAJ-Articles
      addClaim

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Cherif, Nesrine; Jaafar, Wael; Yanikomeroglu, Halim; Yongacoglu, Abbas;

    On-board battery consumption, cellular disconnectivity, and frequent handoff are key challenges for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based delivery missions, a.k.a., cargo-UAV. Indeed, with the introduction of UAV technology into cargo shipping and logistics, designing energy-efficient paths becomes a serious issue for the next retail industry transformation. Typically, the latter has to guarantee uninterrupted or slightly interrupted cellular connectivity for the UAV's command and control through a small number of handoffs. In this paper, we formulate the trajectory planning as a multi-objective problem aiming to minimize both the UAV's energy consumption and the handoff rate, constrained by the UAV battery size and disconnectivity rate. Due to the problem's complexity, we propose a dynamic programming based solution. Through simulations, we demonstrate the efficiency of our approach in providing optimized UAV trajectories. Also, the impact of several parameters, such as the cargo-UAV altitude, disconnectivity rate, and type of environment, are investigated. The obtained results allow to draw recommendations and guidelines for cargo-UAV operations. Comment: This paper was presented in IEEE ICC 2021. It was awarded the "Best Paper Award"

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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    http://arxiv.org/pdf/2106.1427...
    Conference object
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    https://doi.org/10.1109/icc429...
    Conference object . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
    License: IEEE Copyright
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