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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Nuzhath F, Tajuddin; Luisa A, Orrico; Jason L, Eriksen; Mary J, Druse;

    Abstract Previously, results of studies from our laboratory have shown that the offspring of ethanol-fed female rats have a significant decrease in serotonin (5-HT) neurons and glia that contain S100B, an essential trophic factor for the development of 5-HT neurons. The deficiency of S100B-immunopositive glia was detected during the vulnerable period in 5-HT neuron development and in brain areas proximal to these neurons. The reductions of both 5-HT neurons and S100B-positive glia were prevented by maternal treatment with a 5-HT 1A agonist (i.e., ipsapirone or buspirone). In the current study, we investigated whether the offspring of ethanol-fed rats had a general decrease in the density of glial cells in the brain areas that contain 5-HT neurons, and we determined whether these changes were prevented by maternal treatment with ipsapirone between gestational days (GDs) 13 and 20. We estimated the density of vimentin-positive glia of the midline raphe glial structure (MRGS) at GD 20 and postnatal day (PND) 5 and of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)–positive astrocytes proximal to the dorsal and median raphe at PNDs 5 and 19. The results of this study provide evidence that in utero ethanol exposure is associated with a reduced density of GFAP-immunopositive astrocytes proximal to the dorsal and median raphe. Maternal ipsapirone treatment significantly increased astroglial density in the dorsal raphe at PNDs 5 and 19 and in the median raphe at PND 5, such that it either prevented (dorsal raphe, PNDs 5 and 19) or blunted (median raphe, PND 5) the effects of ethanol.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Alcoholarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Alcohol
    Article . 2003 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
    Data sources: Crossref
    Alcohol
    Article . 2003
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Alcoholarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Alcohol
      Article . 2003 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Elsevier TDM
      Data sources: Crossref
      Alcohol
      Article . 2003
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Jessica Côte; Jean-Marc Roussel; S. Le Cam; Frédéric Guillaume; +1 Authors

    We thank our colleagues from the U3E staff (INRA, Rennes) for their help during field sessions and rearing experiments: G. Bertrand, A. Cheyrousse, A. Gallard, N. Jeannot, B. Joseph, C. Lacoste, F. Marchand, A. Quemeneur, C. Saget and J. Tremblay. We are also really grateful to D. Huteau for his help during capture and rearing. We also acknowledge A. Baisez, D. Balestin, A. Bardonnet, D. Barracou, E. Bussy, R. Delanoe, P. Etchecopar, P. Gaudin, Y. Guilloux, M. Hoffman, F. Lange, C. Lousto, Y. Moulia, P. Martin, Y. Moello, E. Prevost, J. Rancon, G. Surzur and V. Vauclin who were involved in the capture of Atlantic salmon or supplied environmental data on the study sites. We are also grateful to Juha Merila and an anonymous referee for extremely useful comments on previous drafts of the manuscript. SLC was supported by a grant from Plan Loire Grandeur Nature (project no 34108) to GE.; In the context of global changes, the long-term viability of populations of endangered ectotherms may depend on their adaptive potential and ability to cope with temperature variations. We measured responses of Atlantic salmon embryos from four populations to temperature variations and used a Q(ST)-F-ST approach to study the adaptive divergence among these populations. Embryos were reared under two experimental conditions: a low temperature regime at 4 degrees C until eyed-stage and 10 degrees C until the end of embryonic development and a high temperature regime with a constant temperature of 10 degrees C throughout embryonic development. Significant variations among populations and populationxtemperature interactions were observed for embryo survival, incubation time and length. Q(ST) was higher than F-ST in all but one comparison suggesting an important effect of divergent selection. Q(ST) was also higher under the high-temperature treatment than at low temperature for length and survival due to a higher variance among populations under the stressful warmer treatment. Interestingly, heritability was lower for survival under high temperature in relation to a lower additive genetic variance under that treatment. Overall, these results reveal an adaptive divergence in thermal plasticity in embryonic life stages of Atlantic salmon suggesting that salmon populations may differentially respond to temperature variations induced by climate change. These results also suggest that changes in temperature may alter not only the adaptive potential of natural populations but also the selection regimes among them.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Zurich Open Reposito...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.20...
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
    Data sources: SNSF P3 Database
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Evolutionary Biology
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
    Data sources: Crossref
    https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-12...
    Other literature type . 2016
    Data sources: Datacite
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Zurich Open Reposito...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.20...
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: SNSF P3 Database
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Journal of Evolutionary Biology
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
      License: Wiley Online Library User Agreement
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      https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-12...
      Other literature type . 2016
      Data sources: Datacite
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Lufei Jia; Edward J. Anthony; Ivan Lau; Jinsheng Wang;

    Ignition tests were conducted with delayed and fluid petroleum cokes, a high volatile bituminous coal and their blends in bench- and pilot-scale fluidized bed combustors. In the bench-scale FBC tests, a visual inspection ignition criterion was developed based on the ‘CO–CO2’ profiles obtained as a function of time and bed temperature. In the pilot-scale unit, the rapid increase in SO2 levels was used as the indicator of fuel ignition. In addition to the fluidized bed ignition tests, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) measurements were made on all fuels and their chars. The results showed that, while the fluid coke (which has the lowest volatile content) was the most difficult to ignite, ignition was not a simple function of volatile content. Further, different test methods and ignition criteria demonstrated significantly different ignition temperatures, with the largest variation arising between bench- and pilot-scale equipment. Finally, tests on mixtures of petroleum coke and coal showed that there was no interaction between these two fuels, and that the coke ignited only when it achieved its own ignition temperature.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Fuelarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Fuel
    Article . 2006 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Fuelarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Fuel
      Article . 2006 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: CAROLINE PICHARILLO; VICTOR EDUARDO LIMA RANIERI;

    Abstract The economic tool of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) has been considered as an alternative for the conservation of the biodiversity and ecosystem services in private lands. To guide decision makers in implementing PES schemes, this paper aimed to identify in the scientific literature the important elements to prioritize areas in the implementation of PES-biodiversity schemes. It is claimed that the elements extracted from PES-biodiversity schemes must be used as a reference to guide the implementation of other PES schemes based on the recovery and maintenance of natural areas (e.g. water, carbon, environmental aesthetics conditions). Thus, the sustainability of PES schemes can be guaranteed over time. Resumen El instrumento económico de Pago por Servicios Ambientales (PSA) es una alternativa para la conservación de la biodiversidad y de los servicios ecosistémicos en terrenos privados. Con la finalidad de orientar a tomadores de decisión, en el proceso de implementación de esquemas de PSA, este trabajo tiene como objetivo identificar en la literatura científica elementos importantes para la priorización de áreas en la implementación de esquemas de PSA-biodiversidad. La condicionante de partida es, que los elementos extraídos de los esquemas de PSA-biodiversidad tienen que ser utilizados como referencia para orientar la implantación de otro esquema de PSA basados en la recuperación y manutención de las áreas naturales (p.e. agua, carbón, belleza escénica). De esta forma la sustentabilidad de los esquemas de PSA pueden garantizarse a lo largo del tiempo. Resumo O instrumento econômico de Pagamento por Serviços Ambientais (PSA) tem sido considerado uma alternativa para a conservação da biodiversidade e dos serviços ecossistêmicos em terras privadas. Com a finalidade de orientar os tomadores de decisão no processo de implantação de esquemas de PSA, este artigo teve por objetivo identificar na literatura científica os elementos importantes para se priorizar áreas para a implantação de esquemas de PSA-biodiversidade. Parte-se do argumento de que os elementos extraídos dos esquemas de PSA-biodiversidade devem ser utilizados como referência para orientar a implantação de outros esquemas de PSA baseados na recuperação e manutenção de áreas naturais (e.g. água, carbono, beleza cênica). Dessa forma, a sustentabilidade dos esquemas de PSA poderá ser garantida ao longo do tempo.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Repositório Instituc...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    DOAJ-Articles
    Article . 2019
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Ambiente & Sociedade
    Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Repositório Instituc...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      DOAJ-Articles
      Article . 2019
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Ambiente & Sociedade
      Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY NC
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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    Authors: Toersche, Hermen; Nykamp, Stefan; Molderink, Albert; Hurink, Johann L.; +1 Authors

    Methods are discussed for planning oriented smart grid control to cope with scenarios with limited predictability, supporting an increasing penetration of stochastic renewable resources. The performance of these methods is evaluated with simulations using measured wind generation and consumption data. Forecast errors are shown to affect worst case behavior in particular, the severity of which depends on the chosen adaptivity strategy and error model.

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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Conference object . 2012
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    Conference object . 2012 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ University of Twente...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Gaweł Sołowski;

    Influences of following anaerobic digestion (AD) parameters like microaeration, pH, and VSS (Volatile Suspended Solid) using sour cabbage as substrate was checked in the publication. Results of fermentation of sour cabbage under the condition of small oxygen addition presented in this research can be classified as dark fermentation (DF—a special case of AD) or hydrogenotrophic anaerobic digestion. The investigations were carried out for two concentrations of 5 g VSS/L and 10 g VSS/L of sour cabbage at pH 6.0. The oxygen flow rates (OFR) for 5 g VSS/L were in the range of 0.53 to 3.3 mL/h for obtaining 2% to 8% of oxygen. At low pH and microaeration, ethylene production was observed at a level below 0.05% in biogas. The highest volume of hydrogen for 5 g VSS/L was obtained for flow rate 0.58 O2 mL/h, giving hydrogen concentration in biogas in the range of 0 to 20%. For VSS 5 g/L and oxygen flow rate 0.58 mL/h; 0.021 L of hydrogen was produced per gram of VSS. At VSS 10 g/L and oxygen flow rate 1.4 mL/h at pH 6.0, 0.03 L of hydrogen was generated per gram. Microaeration from 0.58 mL/h to 0.87 mL/h was propitious for hydrogen production at 5 g VSS/L of sour cabbage and 1.4 mL/h for 10 g VSS/L. Another relevant factor is the volatile suspended solid factor of a substrate. Optimal hydrogen production from sour cabbage was for VSS 89.32%.

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    Biomass
    Other literature type . Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.20944/prepr...
    Preprint . 2021
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      Biomass
      Other literature type . Article . 2022 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.20944/prepr...
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: James N Thompson; George Hatina; William B Maxwell; Suzanne Duval;

    Abstract Fortified milks were saponified overnight at room temperature with 1% ethanolic pyrogallol and KOH. The digest was extracted with hexane after adding water and ethanol, and the extract was washed consecutively with 5% KOH, water, and 55% aqueous ethanol to remove polar lipids. After evaporation, the residue was first chromatographed on a column of 5 μm silica. A fraction containing vitamin D was collected, evaporated, and rechromatographed on a reverse phase column for the separation and quantitation of vitamins D2 and D3. Recovery was 96-99% and the coefficient of variation was 3% (8 replicates). Infant formula was diluted and then saponified and extracted as in the analysis of milk. Margarine was saponified by shaking overnight with 1% ethanolic pyrogallol and 80% KOH. Water and ethanol were added to the digest before extraction. Extracts from formula and margarine were chromatographed as milk except, before HPLC, the extract was dissolved in isopropanol-hexane (1 + 99) and passed through 5 cm alumina in a Pasteur pipet, and the concentration of isopropanol in the first high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) solvent system was halved to improve the separation of vitamin D from other absorbing lipids. Usually several peaks were obtained during the final HPLC analysis, and the identification of vitamins D2 and D3 was less certain than in the analysis of milk. The coefficients of variation for formula and margarine were 6% (5 replicates) and 9% (6 replicates), respectively.

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    Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL
    Article . 1982 . Peer-reviewed
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      Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL
      Article . 1982 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Wei Liu; Dong Kang; Chengning Zhang; Peng Guohong; +2 Authors

    The flywheel energy storage system (FESS) is an ideal candidate for electrical energy savings in subway systems when combined with regenerative braking technology. Practical application in a subway system requires a FESS with large energy storage capacity (ESC), high power level, short recharge interval times, and high recharge cycles. The high-T c superconductive (HTS) Maglev bearing can levitate and rotate a heavy rotor stably at a high speed, which can improve the performance of a FESS in subway systems dramatically. The authors designed a FESS prototype based on an HTS Maglev bearing, with a maximal power level of 100 kW and a maximal ESC of 5 kWh. This paper introduces the design and manufacturing process of this FESS prototype, including the major components such as the HTS Maglev bearing, the permanent-magnet synchronous motor, the composite flywheel rotor, and so on. The conclusions of this paper are useful for the design and application of HTS Maglev FESSs.

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    IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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      IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Man-Kay Law; Amine Bermak; Chao Shi;

    In this brief, a CMOS image sensor that exploits the possibility of reconfiguring pixel photodiodes for energy harvesting for wireless image sensor applications is proposed. Based on the logarithmic sensor architecture, each pixel photodiode of the proposed sensor array can be configured into either photosensing or energy-harvesting element to accomplish image-capturing or energy-harvesting purpose, respectively. An addressing scheme for reduced resolution readout and improved energy-harvesting efficiency, and a two-level quantization scheme for reduced readout dynamic power consumption are also proposed.

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    IEEE Transactions on Circuits & Systems II Express Briefs
    Article . 2011 . Peer-reviewed
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      IEEE Transactions on Circuits & Systems II Express Briefs
      Article . 2011 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Rosalie T. Ruegg; Harold E. Marshall;

    Designers must make many choices in planning a building, ranging from global building design to detailed selections of mechanical systems and furnishings. The first case study illustrates the use of LCC, NS, SIR (applied incrementally), and sensitivity analysis to evaluate the choice of alternative building designs. The second case study illustrates the use of NB and decision analysis to decide which package of retrofit designs for energy conservation is economically preferred.

    https://doi.org/10.1...arrow_drop_down
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-...
    Part of book or chapter of book . 1990 . Peer-reviewed
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      Part of book or chapter of book . 1990 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Nuzhath F, Tajuddin; Luisa A, Orrico; Jason L, Eriksen; Mary J, Druse;

    Abstract Previously, results of studies from our laboratory have shown that the offspring of ethanol-fed female rats have a significant decrease in serotonin (5-HT) neurons and glia that contain S100B, an essential trophic factor for the development of 5-HT neurons. The deficiency of S100B-immunopositive glia was detected during the vulnerable period in 5-HT neuron development and in brain areas proximal to these neurons. The reductions of both 5-HT neurons and S100B-positive glia were prevented by maternal treatment with a 5-HT 1A agonist (i.e., ipsapirone or buspirone). In the current study, we investigated whether the offspring of ethanol-fed rats had a general decrease in the density of glial cells in the brain areas that contain 5-HT neurons, and we determined whether these changes were prevented by maternal treatment with ipsapirone between gestational days (GDs) 13 and 20. We estimated the density of vimentin-positive glia of the midline raphe glial structure (MRGS) at GD 20 and postnatal day (PND) 5 and of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)–positive astrocytes proximal to the dorsal and median raphe at PNDs 5 and 19. The results of this study provide evidence that in utero ethanol exposure is associated with a reduced density of GFAP-immunopositive astrocytes proximal to the dorsal and median raphe. Maternal ipsapirone treatment significantly increased astroglial density in the dorsal raphe at PNDs 5 and 19 and in the median raphe at PND 5, such that it either prevented (dorsal raphe, PNDs 5 and 19) or blunted (median raphe, PND 5) the effects of ethanol.

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    Alcohol
    Article . 2003 . Peer-reviewed
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    Article . 2003
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Alcohol
      Article . 2003 . Peer-reviewed
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      Article . 2003
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Jessica Côte; Jean-Marc Roussel; S. Le Cam; Frédéric Guillaume; +1 Authors

    We thank our colleagues from the U3E staff (INRA, Rennes) for their help during field sessions and rearing experiments: G. Bertrand, A. Cheyrousse, A. Gallard, N. Jeannot, B. Joseph, C. Lacoste, F. Marchand, A. Quemeneur, C. Saget and J. Tremblay. We are also really grateful to D. Huteau for his help during capture and rearing. We also acknowledge A. Baisez, D. Balestin, A. Bardonnet, D. Barracou, E. Bussy, R. Delanoe, P. Etchecopar, P. Gaudin, Y. Guilloux, M. Hoffman, F. Lange, C. Lousto, Y. Moulia, P. Martin, Y. Moello, E. Prevost, J. Rancon, G. Surzur and V. Vauclin who were involved in the capture of Atlantic salmon or supplied environmental data on the study sites. We are also grateful to Juha Merila and an anonymous referee for extremely useful comments on previous drafts of the manuscript. SLC was supported by a grant from Plan Loire Grandeur Nature (project no 34108) to GE.; In the context of global changes, the long-term viability of populations of endangered ectotherms may depend on their adaptive potential and ability to cope with temperature variations. We measured responses of Atlantic salmon embryos from four populations to temperature variations and used a Q(ST)-F-ST approach to study the adaptive divergence among these populations. Embryos were reared under two experimental conditions: a low temperature regime at 4 degrees C until eyed-stage and 10 degrees C until the end of embryonic development and a high temperature regime with a constant temperature of 10 degrees C throughout embryonic development. Significant variations among populations and populationxtemperature interactions were observed for embryo survival, incubation time and length. Q(ST) was higher than F-ST in all but one comparison suggesting an important effect of divergent selection. Q(ST) was also higher under the high-temperature treatment than at low temperature for length and survival due to a higher variance among populations under the stressful warmer treatment. Interestingly, heritability was lower for survival under high temperature in relation to a lower additive genetic variance under that treatment. Overall, these results reveal an adaptive divergence in thermal plasticity in embryonic life stages of Atlantic salmon suggesting that salmon populations may differentially respond to temperature variations induced by climate change. These results also suggest that changes in temperature may alter not only the adaptive potential of natural populations but also the selection regimes among them.

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    https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.20...
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Journal of Evolutionary Biology
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-12...
    Other literature type . 2016
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.20...
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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      Journal of Evolutionary Biology
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Lufei Jia; Edward J. Anthony; Ivan Lau; Jinsheng Wang;

    Ignition tests were conducted with delayed and fluid petroleum cokes, a high volatile bituminous coal and their blends in bench- and pilot-scale fluidized bed combustors. In the bench-scale FBC tests, a visual inspection ignition criterion was developed based on the ‘CO–CO2’ profiles obtained as a function of time and bed temperature. In the pilot-scale unit, the rapid increase in SO2 levels was used as the indicator of fuel ignition. In addition to the fluidized bed ignition tests, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) measurements were made on all fuels and their chars. The results showed that, while the fluid coke (which has the lowest volatile content) was the most difficult to ignite, ignition was not a simple function of volatile content. Further, different test methods and ignition criteria demonstrated significantly different ignition temperatures, with the largest variation arising between bench- and pilot-scale equipment. Finally, tests on mixtures of petroleum coke and coal showed that there was no interaction between these two fuels, and that the coke ignited only when it achieved its own ignition temperature.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Fuelarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Fuel
    Article . 2006 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Elsevier TDM
    Data sources: Crossref
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