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206 Research products, page 1 of 21

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  • Open Access
    Publisher: Moscow State University of Civil Engineering

    Рассмотрено актуальное направление - исследование электромагнитных и инфразвуковых полей застроенных территорий. Эти негативные факторы не воспринимаются основными рецепторами человека, и зачастую люди недооценивают опасности, исходящей от источников электромагнитных и инфразвуковых полей. В настоящее время система экологического мониторинга инфразвуковых и низкочастотных электромагнитных полей на застроенных территориях включает исследование амплитудного спектра. Негативное воздействие этих факторов оценивается отдельно без учета их взаимного влияния на биологический объект. Однако в научной литературе имеются сведения, показывающие влияние шума на электрические характеристики тела человека. В связи с этим авторы считают целесообразным определить интегральное энергетическое низкочастотное воздействие на застроенных территориях, что позволит объективно оценить общий уровень различных видов полей в рассматриваемой точке пространства в заданный момент времени и их негативное влияние на биологические объекты. Предложен новый подход к экологическому мониторингу инфразвуковых и низкочастотных электромагнитных полей на основе определения энергетических параметров. Теоретически обоснована возможность определения суммарного энергетического воздействия инфразвуковых и низкочастотных электромагнитных полей с учетом взаимного влияния этих факторов на биологический объект. Предложен алгоритм определения синергетического показателя энергетического низкочастотного негативного воздействия на основе измерения комплексных интенсивностей инфразвукового и низкочастотного электромагнитного полей. Определение синергетического энергетического низкочастотного воздействия позволит объективно оценить негативное влияние электромагнитных и инфразвуковых полей на биологические объекты, а также решать принципиально новые задачи по повышению экологической безопасности застроенных территорий и защите населения от воздействия этих факторов.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Sandra, Chiacchiari; Romeo, Francesco; Michael McFarland, D.; Bergman, Lawrence A.; Vakakis, Alexander F.;
    Country: Italy
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Huei Peng;
    Publisher: Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
  • Authors: 
    Abbas Tourani; Mike Howe; Andy Bailey;
    Publisher: SAE International
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chiacchiari, Sandra;
    Country: Italy
  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Bottarelli, Michele; Bortoloni, Marco;
    Publisher: Hongxing YANG, Lin LU, Xiaoxia GAO
    Country: Italy
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vanderschuren, M; Jobanputra, R; Lane, T;
    Publisher: The Energy Research Centre of the University of Cape Town

    Transportation, including the movement of people and freight, accounts for over 60% of all oil consumed globally, and the world's transportation systems are over 90%o dependent on oil and oil byproducts. Oil represents the single largest item on South Africa's import account. Gasoline and diesel fuels, which are almost exclusively used for transportation services, form a significant proportion of these imports. Globally, transport systems have been built on an over-reliance on cheap oil, allowing towns, cities and the movement of people and goods to be designed around the automobile. People in most South African cities require the use of motorised transport in order to travel efficiently, as public transport systems either do not exist, are too sparse or are difficult to use in many areas. The predicted depletion of oil and thus rising prices will significantly affect the choice of transportation systems and their use, as well as increase South Africa's vulnerability to 'oil shocks'. Transport planning policies must, therefore, prepare for the likelihood of such shocks and ameliorate them via policy options. A precautionary approach needs to be adopted to reduce our dependency on oil. This paper addresses the global shift towards the reduction of transport's dependency on, or reduction in, oil consumption and describes potential ways in which South Africa can reduce its oil dependency along with an indication of a timeframe for implementation.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    A Malinowski; A Muzychak;
    Publisher: IOP Publishing
  • Publication . Article . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    SAFA, Henri;
    Publisher: EconJournals

    The paper displays and explicit the interrelation that can be found between energy and economy. While energy is essential for human development, squandering should be prevented to avoid detrimental feedback from global warming. A better use of energy may enhance energy intensity but energy efficiency gains are hard to implement and slow. In order to evaluate the impact of energy on global economy, instead of using the usual statistical methods, we suggest an approach based on the production cost of products. Each activity sector is analyzed regarding its energy needs and related costs. The methodology has been applied to the case of France. It is found that energy affects over 60% of the global economy in France

  • Publication . Conference object . Article . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Marta Giulia Baldi; Lorenzo Leoncini;
    Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Country: Italy

    Abstract Exergy analysis has been contemplated to evaluate the direct energy impact of a building on the environment. The authors’ approach is to consider the building as a “black box” that needs exergy. The surrounding and the Environment are closed systems, in thermodynamic equilibrium between them. The building is transient open system. The paper is composed of two main sections: a description of the model and the application to a building. The aim is to analyze thermodynamic interaction building – surrounding in order to estimate the input exergy, loss and especially destruction exergy.

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
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Include:
The following results are related to Energy Research. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
206 Research products, page 1 of 21
  • Open Access
    Publisher: Moscow State University of Civil Engineering

    Рассмотрено актуальное направление - исследование электромагнитных и инфразвуковых полей застроенных территорий. Эти негативные факторы не воспринимаются основными рецепторами человека, и зачастую люди недооценивают опасности, исходящей от источников электромагнитных и инфразвуковых полей. В настоящее время система экологического мониторинга инфразвуковых и низкочастотных электромагнитных полей на застроенных территориях включает исследование амплитудного спектра. Негативное воздействие этих факторов оценивается отдельно без учета их взаимного влияния на биологический объект. Однако в научной литературе имеются сведения, показывающие влияние шума на электрические характеристики тела человека. В связи с этим авторы считают целесообразным определить интегральное энергетическое низкочастотное воздействие на застроенных территориях, что позволит объективно оценить общий уровень различных видов полей в рассматриваемой точке пространства в заданный момент времени и их негативное влияние на биологические объекты. Предложен новый подход к экологическому мониторингу инфразвуковых и низкочастотных электромагнитных полей на основе определения энергетических параметров. Теоретически обоснована возможность определения суммарного энергетического воздействия инфразвуковых и низкочастотных электромагнитных полей с учетом взаимного влияния этих факторов на биологический объект. Предложен алгоритм определения синергетического показателя энергетического низкочастотного негативного воздействия на основе измерения комплексных интенсивностей инфразвукового и низкочастотного электромагнитного полей. Определение синергетического энергетического низкочастотного воздействия позволит объективно оценить негативное влияние электромагнитных и инфразвуковых полей на биологические объекты, а также решать принципиально новые задачи по повышению экологической безопасности застроенных территорий и защите населения от воздействия этих факторов.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Sandra, Chiacchiari; Romeo, Francesco; Michael McFarland, D.; Bergman, Lawrence A.; Vakakis, Alexander F.;
    Country: Italy
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Huei Peng;
    Publisher: Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
  • Authors: 
    Abbas Tourani; Mike Howe; Andy Bailey;
    Publisher: SAE International
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chiacchiari, Sandra;
    Country: Italy
  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Bottarelli, Michele; Bortoloni, Marco;
    Publisher: Hongxing YANG, Lin LU, Xiaoxia GAO
    Country: Italy
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vanderschuren, M; Jobanputra, R; Lane, T;
    Publisher: The Energy Research Centre of the University of Cape Town

    Transportation, including the movement of people and freight, accounts for over 60% of all oil consumed globally, and the world's transportation systems are over 90%o dependent on oil and oil byproducts. Oil represents the single largest item on South Africa's import account. Gasoline and diesel fuels, which are almost exclusively used for transportation services, form a significant proportion of these imports. Globally, transport systems have been built on an over-reliance on cheap oil, allowing towns, cities and the movement of people and goods to be designed around the automobile. People in most South African cities require the use of motorised transport in order to travel efficiently, as public transport systems either do not exist, are too sparse or are difficult to use in many areas. The predicted depletion of oil and thus rising prices will significantly affect the choice of transportation systems and their use, as well as increase South Africa's vulnerability to 'oil shocks'. Transport planning policies must, therefore, prepare for the likelihood of such shocks and ameliorate them via policy options. A precautionary approach needs to be adopted to reduce our dependency on oil. This paper addresses the global shift towards the reduction of transport's dependency on, or reduction in, oil consumption and describes potential ways in which South Africa can reduce its oil dependency along with an indication of a timeframe for implementation.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    A Malinowski; A Muzychak;
    Publisher: IOP Publishing
  • Publication . Article . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    SAFA, Henri;
    Publisher: EconJournals

    The paper displays and explicit the interrelation that can be found between energy and economy. While energy is essential for human development, squandering should be prevented to avoid detrimental feedback from global warming. A better use of energy may enhance energy intensity but energy efficiency gains are hard to implement and slow. In order to evaluate the impact of energy on global economy, instead of using the usual statistical methods, we suggest an approach based on the production cost of products. Each activity sector is analyzed regarding its energy needs and related costs. The methodology has been applied to the case of France. It is found that energy affects over 60% of the global economy in France

  • Publication . Conference object . Article . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Marta Giulia Baldi; Lorenzo Leoncini;
    Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Country: Italy

    Abstract Exergy analysis has been contemplated to evaluate the direct energy impact of a building on the environment. The authors’ approach is to consider the building as a “black box” that needs exergy. The surrounding and the Environment are closed systems, in thermodynamic equilibrium between them. The building is transient open system. The paper is composed of two main sections: a description of the model and the application to a building. The aim is to analyze thermodynamic interaction building – surrounding in order to estimate the input exergy, loss and especially destruction exergy.